Hydrogen produced from surplus renewable power, or gasification of coal/biomass with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), can be injected into the gas grid and used as a major energy store to support the decarbonisation and distribution of energy supplies. The approach could be the biggest single step in enabling the low carbon energy transformation. The concept is already being tested in Germany, but in many countries the approach is barely recognised.
The UK is in a strong position with respect to the potential for permanent sequestration of CO2 offshore in rock formations deep below the North Sea. This is because of two factors. Firstly the correct type of rock formations exist in places below the North Sea with the porosity to provide capacity for the CO2, permeability to allow its injection, and sealing formations to contain the CO2.
Electricity Market Reform (EMR) constitutes the single biggest change in the UK electricity market in a generation. EMR is intended to provide the commercial basis for generations of low-carbon electricity at the lowest possible cost, whilst being neutral to the energy source used.
The clear link between rising global temperatures and the emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels is established. Limiting the warming effect means limiting Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels.
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is the only technology available which enables the continued use of fossil fuels for power generation whilst reducing green-house gas emissions. The UK government sees CCS as an important element of its energy policy alongside renewables and nuclear to enable the country to meet its carbon emissions reduction targets, but slow progress in the UK threatens the future of this critically important technology.